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Technology & Operation
- How does a humidifier work?
- Why would I want to install a humidifier?
- Which humidifier is best for me?
- Will a humidifier harm my home?
- What range of humidity is ideal?
- What is humidity load?
- Where should the damper position be?
- How does water conductivity affect the performance of my steam humidifier?
- How often do I need to change the vapor pad?
- Does my humidifier require other maintenance?
- How do I change my cylinder? (Steam Units Only)
- Can't I simply clean my Vapor Pad instead of replacing it?
- Where do I find my model number?
- How do I change my Vapor Pad®?
- I already have a GeneralAire® 1042 Humidifier installed, but have a 4,000 square foot home. Should I upgrade to a larger humidifier?
- What is the "OFFSET" mode on the GFX3?
- How do I ensure the greatest performance of my 1042 Humidifier?
- How often does the water in my steam humidifier drain? Why does it do that?
- Why is so much water going down the drain?
- I need to replace the relay on my 1137. How do I do this?
- I am seeing a very slight water leak coming from the bottom of my steam humidifier. What do I do about this?
There are different types of humidifiers:
- GeneralAire® Elite Steam Humidifiers: The GeneralAire® Elite Steam Humidifier is an electrode humidifier. Steam humidification is produced by passing electric current through water inside a plastic steam generator cylinder between highly-conductive metal electrodes. Steam output is directly proportional to the conductivity of the water between clean electrodes. The Steam Cylinder, therefore is the engine of the humidifier.
- GeneralAire® Legacy Humidifiers: A portion of the heated air from the furnace passes through a water-soaked VaporPad® where it absorbs additional moisture and then returns for distribution throughout your home. Water is metered into a patented Kineticflo® trough and dispersed uniformly across the VaporPad®. The integral fan in the model 1137 pulls heated air from your furnace and draws that air across a highly evaporative Vapor Pad®. Unevaporated water drains from the bottom of the unit to eliminate mineral build-up.
- GeneralAire® Elite Flow Through Humidifiers: Fan Powered Humidifiers that mount on your furnace distribution system. The integral fan in the model 1000 pulls heated air from your furnace and draws that air across a highly evaporative Vapor Pad®. Humidity is then absorbed into your air and distributed into the home for improved comfort during those winter months.
For many reasons:
- Since the air in your home is always trying to reach its saturation point, it will absorb water wherever it can; from the bodies of you and your children, your pets, your furniture and even your house plants. As a result your skin, throat and nasal passages dry out, leaving you more susceptible to physical discomfort, colds, flu and even infection.
- Dry air causes dry, itchy skin.
- Dry air cracks expensive woodwork, floors, artwork and furnishings.
- Annoying static electricity (caused by dry air) can damage computers, VCR’s and other electronic equipment, requiring expensive repair.
- Dry air can cause harm to expensive musical instruments like pianos and violins.
- Dry air causes gaps in window & door frames, letting cold outdoor air in; causing you to turn up the heat and increasing your heating bills! Controlled humidity from the GeneralAire® Elite Steam Humidifier allows you the luxury of dialing the thermostat back & reducing annual heating bills. For example, 68° at 40% relative humidity feels just as warm as 74° at 20% humidity. Setting your thermostat back by as little as three degrees can reduce annual heating bills by as much as 5%.
We recommend contacting your local certified HVAC contractor, as they will be able to make recommendations for your home based on its age, size & construction. Overall, you can begin to understand which model might be best for your home using the following:
First, determine how much humidification your home needs to maintain a 40-60% humidification level, known as Gallons Per Day (GPD):
Use the 3-step formula below or the Humidity Calculator Tool on this site!
Step One: Calculate the Total Cubic Feet of Home
- Total Home Square Footage
- X Average Ceiling Height
Step Two:Calculate the Load (lbs/hr)
- Total Cubic Feet X Desired Condition Factor (Table Below)
- X 1.05 For Each Fireplace
Step Three: Calculate Gallons Per Day (GPD)
- Gallons Per Day = Load (lbs/hr) X 2.88
Then, Select Your Unit
Once you have calculated your gallons per day you can then find models that are designed to process that amount of water / accommodate your size of home.
Keep in mind these numbers can vary based on numerous factors, including home construction, the presence and amount of woodwork, if you have a humidor or wine cellar, the presence of fireplaces, the number of floors and more. Work closely with a licensed conctractor to determine the best selection for your home.
- Elite Steam Models RS15P & DS15P = 15.84 GPD / Up to 3,500 Sq. Ft.
- Elite Steam Models RS25 & RS25LC; DS25 & DS25LC = 25-35 GPD / Up to 6,000 Sq. Ft.
The following flow through models Gallons Per Day ratings are based on 120° plenum temperature.
- Elite Models 570A & 570M = 12 GPD / Up to 2,000 Sq. Ft.
- Elite Models 900A & 900M = 17 GPD / Up to 2,800 Sq. Ft.
- Elite Models 1000A & 1000M = 18 GPD / Up to 3,000 Sq. Ft.
- Legacy SL16 = 17 GPD / Up to 2,800 Sq. Ft.
- Legacy 1042LH = 17 GPD / Up to 2,800 Sq. Ft.
- Legacy 1099LHS = 19 GPD / / Up to 3,000 Sq. Ft.
- Legacy 1137 = 19 GPD / Up to 3,000 Sq. Ft.
- Legacy Drum 81 = 16 GPD / Up to 2,800 Sq. Ft.
You might also install more than one humidifier if your home has more than one HVAC system. Many people install a humidifier with each system to reduce the work load on each and more evenly distribute humidification throughout the home.
A humidifier is a tool that helps you keep your home within your desired humidity level. If you keep your humidity levels within that range, you and your home will not suffer the effects of improper humidity levels.
All of the GeneralAire flow-through humidifiers incorporate a self-flushing action that flushes down the drain many of the mineral deposits left on the Vapor Pad® from the evaporation process. This also minimizes the amount of maintenance required.
Research shows that 40% – 60% relative humidity is ideal. Outside this range, your risk of being adversely affected increases.
Humidity Load is also known as Gallons Per Day and represents the amount of water a humidifier must process to properly humidify your home. Humidity load has a direct impact on the life of a humidifier, and a steam cylinder. When properly sized to match the square footage of a home, a humidifier will rarely be required to run at full capacity, extending the life of the humidifier. Also, water levels inside a cylinder remain lower and buildup of minerals on the entire length of the electrodes takes longer. Thus, the life of your cylinder is greatly enhanced. Conversely, extraordinary installations that require constant operation at full capacity reduce cylinder life. The water level in the cylinder stays generally much higher, and the electrodes become completely insulated by mineral buildup more quickly. Installations like this may result in cylinder life of less than 1000 hours.
- During the winter (when the humidifier is used) the damper should be turned to: Open, High, or Winter
- During summer months, turn the dial to: Closed, Low, or Summer
The water in your steam unit will drain automatically after 120 hours to remove mineral sediment on the bottom of the cylinder.
Steam cylinders must be matched to the local water conductivity in order to perform as designed. If not familiar with local water conductivity, check using an instrument (35662-30 EZTestr11 Conductivity Tester). You can also have your water tested for conductivity by the city or a local contractor.
Electric current is conducted through water inside a canister, and that conductivity is dependent on the presence natural minerals in the water. The presence of minerals is measured in microSiemens per centimeter (µs/cm) and a minimum of 200 µs/cm is required for a steam humidifier to deliver steam.
*125 to 400µs/cm requires a low conductivity (LC) model
*401 to 1250 µs/cm requires a regular steam model
In addition, the following water types are not acceptable:
- Softened water, as this will lead to foam, electrode corrosion and greatly shortened cylinder life.
- Water containing disinfectants or corrosion inhibitors, as these are potential irritants
- Industrial water, boiler water or water from cooling circuits.
- Any potential chemically or bacteriologically contaminated water.
- Heated water.
- Water with silica deposits.
Overall the humidifier must be supplied with the following water characteristics:
- Pressure between 20psi and 110psi; or 0.1 and 0.8 MPa (1 and 8 bar)
- Temperature between 33° F and 104° F; or 1° C and 40° C
- Flow rate minimum of 0.45 L/min or 0.21 gpm
- Hardness no greater than 40° fH (equal to 400 ppm3 of CaCO),
- Conductivity from 125 to 1250 µS/cm
- Absence of organic compounds
Read more on page 11 of the installation / owner's manual.
When in doubt, contact GeneralAire® for help toll free: (866) 476-5101 or contact your local contractor.
We recommend replacing your Vapor Pad® at the start of each heating season, and depending on your use, again mid-season. Minerals build up on the vapor pad over time, which in turn:
- Reduces the pad's ability to absorb water
- Prevents the warm air from flowing through the pad (Warm air moving though the water-soaked pad causes the water in the pad to evaporate. It is this process that delivers moisture throughout your home via the home's duct system).
Steam humidifiers require minimal maintenance. As water evaporates inside the cylinder during its normal process of creating moisture via the electrodes, minerals are left behind. Much of these minerals are removed through the cylinder drain; however, some remain and build up on the cylinder walls and electrodes. As lower portions of the electrodes accumulate a thick coating, the water level automatically rises to expose clean electrode surface for maximum electric conductivity. Eventually mineral buildup creates a thick coating along the entire length of the electrodes and little electrical current can pass between them, resulting in poor steam output. The E6 Cylinder Exhausted error code will appear. There is no need to replace your humidifier. At this time, simply replace your steam cylinder.
In high end construction and renovation projects humidification is often required while the structure is being finished, as it helps to protect and stabilize wood floors, trim and decoration. Humidification load in an unfinished structure may be five to eight times higher than a finished one. Elite Steam humidifiers may be operated while construction is underway but you may expect a shortened cylinder life as a result. To ensure your humidifier provides ideal humidification levels once the structure is finished, replace your cylinder.
These instructions can also be found on page 22 of the Elite Steam Installation / Owner's Manual.
- Completely drain the cylinder by pressing and holding the "drain" button.
- Turn the humidifier off and disconnect the main power.
- Remove the cover.
DS Models: Remove steam hose from cylinder, flip up the cylinder holding bracket.
RS Models: Remove 2 bolts of the embedded fan, flip up cylinder holding bracket.
- Disconnect the distributor from the cylinder and lift the cylinder out of the unit.
- Disconnect the electrical connection from the top of the cylinder, and re-connect to the NEW cylinder.
- Install the new cylinder, performing these steps in reverse.
For your safety and the longevity of your steam humidifier, we recommend all installations, maintenance and repairs be performed by a licensed contractor only.
The evaporator pad incorporates a special coating that helps it absorb water and control water flow. While very efficient, it is also fragile. If you subject the pad to cleaning, you usually remove much of the coating and the pad becomes ineffective at holding water and producing humidity. The result is a reduction in the output of the humidifier and an increase in water consumption.
Instead we recommend the evaporator pad be replaced each year.
Our website contains a library of videos demonstrating how to change the Vapor Pad® on each of our units. Click here to be taken to our video library. Find your model and learn how to replace the vapor pad.
I already have a GeneralAire® 1042 Humidifier installed, but have a 4,000 square foot home. Should I upgrade to a larger humidifier?
The 1042 is designed for homes up to 2,800 sq. feet, but if you have two furnace systems for your size home, you can place a 1042 on each system.
We also recommend that you contact a local contractor to discuss your options.
The GFX3 offset mode is used to match the readings of your new GFX3 to other controls in the home (humidity level, outdoor temperature and indoor temperature.
Example: Your GFX3 reads the inside humidity as 25%, but another humidistat inside the home reads 29%. Use the offset feature in the GFX3 to match the other reader. You now have consistency throughout your home.
Perform regular, annual maintenance.
When you are finished, you should have three connections like this:
- The black wire from cord, a black wire from board, a blue wire from board.
- Other blue wire from board, a black wire from motor, a black wire from valve.
- The white wire from cord, other black wire from board, other black wire from motor, other black wire from valve.
Finally, all the green wires should come together under the screw of the “L” bracket.
Tip: The most common installation mistake involves bundling of the various wires in the wire nuts.
I am seeing a very slight water leak coming from the bottom of my steam humidifier. What do I do about this?
This often occurs after a steam cylinder replacement. We generally find that when a customer lifts the old cylinder out of the unit, the red O-ring (also called a gasket) and plastic bushing lift out as well (see photo below).
Customers may not realize these pieces fell out, or they didn't realize they needed them, or they threw the pieces away because they thought the they were automatically part of the new cylinder.
DO NOT throw the plastic bushing away! Together, the plastic bushing and red O-ring assure a tight seal for the new cylinder-to-pump connection, so be sure to carefully replace these before installing the new cylinder. (A new red O-ring will accompany your replacement cylinder.) If you have already lost them or discarded them, call our offices at (866) 476-5101 to order replacement pieces. Do not run your humidifier until these pieces are installed.